A person, organization, group of persons, or group of organizations in which a company has a business interest.
You use this business object for a variety of business transactions.
You create and manage centrally your business partners (BPs) and the roles they assume for your company. For this purpose, you define the general data of the business partner once and you assign business partner roles (BP roles) to the business partner. Specific data is stored for each business partner role. In this way you do not store redundant data, since the general data is independent of a business partner’s function or of application-specific extensions.
When you first create a business partner in the system, the BP role General Business Partner is automatically assigned to the business partner.
You create and manage the following general elements of a BP:
General data, such as name, address, and communication data
Identification data, such as industry, identification numbers, and tax numbers
Status data, such as the status of the business relationship
You create and manage the specific data for a BP role once you have assigned a specific role to the BP.
In an integrated system landscape with SAP Enterprise Resource Planning (SAP ERP) and SAP Transportation Management (SAP TM), the ERP system is frequently the leading master data system. In this case, the customer and supplier master data is maintained in the ERP system from where it is transferred to SAP TM using the SAP Core Interface (CIF) as locations and business partners. For more information, see Integration of Locations.
In business transaction documents, such as a forwarding order, the BP master data object appears as a party that takes part in transportation processes. The party assumes party roles, such as consignee, shipper, or ordering party.